List of Cities in China
Ānshān (鞍山) is the third largest prefecture level city in Liaoning province of China. Situated in the central area of the province, it is about 92km south of Shenyang, the province's capital. Anshan is on the boundary between the Mountains of Eastern Liaoning and the plains of West. The area contains the famous Qianshan park. The city's name is derived form the shape of a nearby mountain (in Chinese shān 山) that resembles the shape of a horse's saddle (Ān 鞍). Anshan is home to the Angang Iron and Steel company, one of the largest steel producers in China.
Beijing (北京) is the capital city of China. It is one of four Municipalities in China, giving it autonomy form the surrounding province of Hebei. Beijing was also known in the past as Peking or the older name Peiping.. The city is situated in the North of the country on the edge of the Yellow River plains and a short distane form the Bohai Sea. The population of the city is estimated at around 14,230,000 people. All of China's 56 ethnic groups are represented in the city, though the population is 96.5% Han.
Benxi (Chinese: 本溪; pinyin: Běnxī) is a prefecture-level city in the Liaoning province, south-southeast of Shenyang. It was founded as a metallurgical center in 1915 and Benxi Iron and Steel Company ("Bengang") is still the largest employer in the city today. The second largest industry in Benxi is coal mining. Once listed by the UN as one of the most polluted cities in the world, Benxi has reorganized its industry and is now a model for clean and green development.
Changsha (长沙) is the capital city of Hunan province in South Central China. It sits beside the Xiang river, which is a tributary of the Yangtze River. The city has been an important trading hub, going back for Qin dynasty and before. It became the provincial capital during the mid 17th century. In the 20th century, the city was the scene of many battles in the war between China and Japan. It was in Changsha that a young Mao Zedong was first introduced to communism.
Chongqing (重庆) is the biggest city in China. It's located deep in the centre of the country, though is traditionally classed as being in the west. Chongqing straddles the Yangtze river. This has made the city a key centre for trade within China. The city was part of Sichuan province until it became a municipality on March 14th, 1997. Thus Chongqing became one of only four cities in China to have the status of municipality. This city has seen rapid growth over the last decade. The building of the Three Gorges Dam, just 100km downstream from Chongqing, saw a large number of migrants move into the city. The population of the city is estimated to be 31,442,300 (2007) potentially making Chongquing the largest city in the world.
Dalian ( 大连) is a coastal city on the very tip of the Liaodong peninsula, surrounded by the Yellow Sea. The city was founded by the Russian, just over 110 years ago, then called Darian. Shortly after, it was ceded to the Japanese. With the end of the second world war, it returned to Chinese control. Dalian is now a major port city for the north of China and the second largest city in Liaoning Province. The city is a popular tourist destination for domestic travelers as well as many tourists from Russia, Korea and Japan. It's still largely unknown to westerners.
Dāndōng (丹东) is a prefecture level city in the south east of Liaoning Province, China. To the south east lies the border with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea). Towards the south, the prefecture borders Dalian, to the west is Anshan, to the north west is Liaoyang and due north is Benxi city prefecture. The city was formerly known by the name Andong (安東).
Fǔshùn (抚顺) is a prefecture level city in the east of Liaoning. The city is about 45km east of the provincial capital city, Shenyang. Although a small city by Chinese standards, Fushun has many sights and attractions for tourists to visit. It is a city with a long and interesting history.
Guìlín (桂林) is a city in Guangxi Autonomous Region in the South of the People's Republic of China. Situated on the banks of the Kuei and Li Rivers; encircled by four lakes; and set amid spectacular limestone karst mountains; Guilin is a major tourist destination and famed beauty spot. A scene form the Li river, near Guilin, appears on the reverse side of the Chinese 20 yuan notes.
Guiyang (贵阳) is the provincial capital city of Guizhou province in south west China. It is located in the centre of Guizhou, just east of the Yungui Plateau, at an elevation of some 1,100 metres.
Harbin (哈尔滨 Hāěrbīn) is a sub-provincial level city in China. It is the capital of Heilongjiang province in the far north east of the country. The name is derived from the Manchu language meaning "place for drying nets." Untill the last years of the 19th century, Harbin was little more than a small village. With the coming of railways, the Russians developed a new city on this site as a hub of communications. The city has now grown to be a vibrant and busy Chinese city with strong Russian influences visible throughout. In summer there is a well known music festival held in the city but it is for the winter Ice Festival that the city is best known. These events attract thousands of visitors every year even in the freezing cold of the northern winter.
Hefei is the largest city and economic centre of Anhui province in eastern China.
The Hinggan League is a prefecture level division of Inner Mongolia. Unlike most prefectures in China, it isn't named after it's main city. Instead taking the historical Mongolian name as a League. The larget city in Hinggan is Ulanhot (Wulanhaote). Wūlánhàotè Shì (Chinese: 乌兰浩特市; Mongolian: Horqin Youyi Qianqi; Wade-Giles: Ulan Hot; Other forms: Ulaanhot; Formerly: Wangiin Süme) is a county-level city in the East of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. It is about 50 miles due north of Baicheng city of Jilin province. Between the years 1947 and 1950, Wulanhaote was the capital of Inner Mongolia Region. In 1950, the capital moved to Zhangjiakou and then again in 1952 to Hohhot, which remains the capital of the region to this day. The city is populated predominantly by Han Chinese but has a significant Mongolian population.
Liáoyáng Shì (辽阳市) is a prefecture level city in Liaoning Province of China. It was once one of the most important cities in the north east of China and breifly was the Capital of the Manchurian Late Jin Dynasty. Nowadays, Liaoyang is overshaddowed by it's larger neighbour Anshan, just 23km to the south and west. To the north is the provincial capital, Shenyang and to the east lies the city of Benxi. This is an ancient city with a long history going back over 2400 years.
Nánjīng (南京) is located in Jiangsu Province in the east of China. It is situated on the southern bank of the lower part of the Yangtze river. The name Nanjing means "Southern Capital," as opposed to Beijing which is the "Northern Capital." Nanjing has been the capital city of China several times, starting in the early Ming dynasty, then later again during the Republic of China era. The city was also the seat of the Taiping rebellion that rocked the Qing dynasty in the 19th Century.
Ordos (鄂尔多斯) is a prefecture level city in the west of Inner Mongolia, in northern China. The region is surrounded to the north, east and west by a large bend in the Yellow river. Mountain ranges along the banks of the Yellow river separate Ordos from the Gobi Desert in the north. Ordos it's self is for the most part a desert area with only Ordos City in Dongsheng District forming any substantial populated area.
Panjin (盘锦) is a city on the Liaoning coast facing the Yellow Sea. It is just north of Yingkou city. The area is famous for it's hairy crabs, which are a delicacy all over China. The main industry in the area, aside from fishing, is oil. Nodding donkeys are a common sight throughout the Panjin countryside. The land around Panjin is extremely flat. Near the sea, the land is covered with reeds. These provide habitat for man rare birds makingPanjin popular with twitchers from all over the world. At the waters edge, the reeds change to mud flats. These flats are covered with and unusual type of seaweed that has a deep red colour. This is the famous Panjin Red Beach Nature Reserve.
Shěnyáng (沈阳) is the largest city in Liaoning, a province in the northeast of the People's Republic of China. Beijing lies approximately 799 km to the west of Shenyang. The city, formerly known by its Manchurian name Mukden, was once the capital city of Manchuria and was the first capital of the Qing dynasty. The first Qing emperor, Nuerhachi, gave the city the name Shengjing (盛京) which is literally, "Prosperous Capital," in honor of its status. The word 'jing' (京) means 'capital' in Chinese. Other old names include Houchen and Shenzou. This city became the focus of industrial development in the early 20th century. On September 18th, 1931, was the Mukden Incident which marked the beginning of the war between Japan and China. Shenyang would remain in Japanese control until 1945. Post war, Shenyang was developed as a central player in the large scale industrial development of Dongbei, northeast, china.
Shenzhen (深圳), the first city in China to be opened up and receive Special Development Zone status, now a high technology hub in the far south of China. Shenzhen is right on the border with Hong Kong. As a result it shared in Hong Kong's boom years to become a highly developed city. This vibrant and modern city, due to it's location, has an international feel to it. A large number of expats, working in and around Hong Kong, choose Shenzhen as a place to live due to it's lower cost of living and good transport links with the rest of the Pearl River Delta region.
Tiělíng (铁岭) is a prefecture level city in the north of Liaoning, China. The prefecture borders Inner Mongolia to the north.
Yingkou (营口) is a small port city in Liaoning province. It opens onto the Yellow sea at the mouth of the Liao River just south of Panjin. Yingkou is famous for it's high quality sea food which is landed here daily. A visit to Yingkou must include one of the many sea food restaurants located here.